Amy Jacques Garvey (December 31, 1895 – July 25, 1973)
If you have ever read The Philosophies and Opinions of Marcus Garvey, you owe it to his wife, Amy. After Garvey’s deportation and death, Amy Garvey compiled, published, and used the last of her savings to mail copies of the book Garvey and Garveyism to libraries around the world.
Were it not for her tireless work to preserve the legacy of the largest Pan-African organization in history, we may not have known it ever existed.
Duse Muhammad Ali (21 November 1866 – 25 June 1945)
Mohammed is best known as Marcus Garvey’s Mentor. Garvey came to England in 1912, it was at the offices of the African Times and Orient Review journal under the leadership of Duse Mohammed Ali. Ali became Garvey’s professional mentor and gave young Garvey the confirmation he needed to pursue his Pan-African ideals.
Gervey subsequently left England, and World War I destroyed Mohammed’s business – a paper called the African and Orient Review.
In 1921, following the demise of the African and Orient Review, Ali traveled to the United States, never returning to Britain. In the US he briefly worked with Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association movement. He also contributed articles on African issues to UNIA’s the Negro World. He also taught in a department of African affairs and was one of the driving forces behind the success and worldwide distribution of the Negro World.
General Harriet Tubman (Ca 1822 – March 10, 1913)
“I Had Reasoned This Out In My Mind, There Was One Of Two Things I Had A Right To, Liberty Or Death; If I Could Not Have One, I Would Have The Other.”
Born Araminta Ross, Harriett Tubman was one of the baddest Black women to walk on American soil. During a ten-year span she made 19 trips into the South and escorted over 300 slaves to freedom. And, as she once proudly pointed out to Frederick Douglass, in all of her journeys she “never lost a single passenger.”
Frederick Douglass said, “Excepting John Brown — of sacred memory — I know of no one who has willingly encountered more perils and hardships to serve our enslaved people than [Harriet Tubman].” And John Brown, who conferred with “General Tubman” about his plans to raid Harper’s Ferry, once said that she was “one of the bravest persons on this continent.”